Temporomandibular dysfunction – TMD, TMJ
TMD stands for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder. This disorder involves the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), which is responsible for opening and closing the jaw. This joint consists of the upper temporal bone that is connected to the skull and mandible. Deterioration or malfunction in TMJ may cause pain in and around the joint while chewing or pain that radiates into the face and neck due to stiffness of the jaw muscle. There may also be an unsettling noise that resembles a popping or clicking sound when the jaw is in motion.
TMD may occur when there are occlusal abnormalities, poor health and nutrition, and certain orthodontic treatments. It is extremely difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of TMJ pain due to the variety of contributing factors. Arthritis or trauma may occur in the joint which can cause inflammation and pain. There are also other factors for example, joint laxity, muscle tightness or chronic stress, anxiety and depression.
The physical therapy programs that we provide will supply the patient with self-management techniques, as well as a variety of exercises and body extension to promote flexibility and postural strengthening.